Pardon our mess!
We are in the process of upgrading and reorganizing the Library, and this page is currently undergoing changes. The attached files at the bottom of this page (listed under Old Essays and Editorials Page) are being converted into web pages for easier accessibility and reading. As we get them converted, you’ll see links to their respective new pages along with new material that we are adding as we go under the heading New and Converted Documents. Once all the documents are converted, the file listing a the bottom of this page will be removed, and we’ll organize all the material into some more convenient order, once we determine what would be most useful.

New and Converted Documents

From the Diary of John Adams on the Right of Juries
Notes from the Diary of John Adams on the right of juries to judge the law as well as the facts in a case before them.

Vices Are Not Crimes by Lysander Spooner
Spooner argues that offending another’s sensibilities or acting against one’s own best interest, do not constitute crimes but only vices.

Jury Reform by Victor S. Yarros
Victor S. Yarros, former law partner to Clarence Darrow, argued in 1895 against eroding jury protection with such measures as non-unanimous verdicts and schemes to stack juries with certain types of people.

The Twelve Men by G. K. Chesterton
Chesterton, one of the great writers of the 20th century, discusses what jury duty taught him about the importance of juries composed of ordinary people.

Jury Nullification in Conscience Cases (.pdf) by William Kunstler
Former ACLU director and co-founder of the Center for Constitutional Rights William Kunstler published this article in the Vietnam War era detailing the foundations for and use of jury nullification in conscience cases.

Forgotten Sentinel by Harvey Wysong
The author reminds us that the jury must stand guard as a sentinel in protection of rights and against unjust and malicious prosecutions.

Criminal Courts Have Quietly Moved from “May” Convict to “Must” Convict Jury Instructions by Roger I. Roots, J.D., Ph.D.
FIJA Advisory Board member Dr. Roger Roots traces the evolution of the treatment of jury nullification in jury instructions, which today often falsely instruct jurors that they “must” convict.

Many Things Were Missing from the Rosenthal Trial by Iloilo Jones
Former FIJA executive director Iloilo Jones details the absence of fully informed jurors, in addition to the absence of relevant facts, in the trial of Ed Rosenthal.

Letter to the New Hampshire Telegraph Editor by Iloilo Jones
Former FIJA executive director Iloilo Jones discusses the full function of juries and the crucial role of fully informed jurors in protecting our communities.

The Power of One Juror to Protect your Rights by Robert Thornton
Robert Thornton discusses the importance of unanimous verdicts in criminal cases, especially for firearms owners.

Increase in Jury Nullification Verdicts Seen by Don Doig
Don Doig takes a look at the evidence that jury nullification verdicts are on an upward trajectory.

FIJA and the Second Amendment by Don Doig
FIJA co-founded and chairman Don Doig explains how jurors—especially fully informed ones—can defend our Second Amendment rights.

Book Review of Stealth Juror by Trent Hammerstein reviewed by Don Doig

The Importance of the Skeptical Jury by Clay Conrad
Using the trial of Ed Rosenthal to illustrate, Conrad argues that the role of the juror is not to be complacent or compliant, but skeptical and independent.

Thoughts on Jury Nullification by Bill St. Clair
Bill St. Clair shares his thoughts on jury nullification, in light of recent remarks made by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor favorable to it.

Old Essays and Editorials Page

NOTICE: Permission to copy and distribute each of the documents listed and linked herein is granted, provided that each document is reproduced without modification, with the exception that the name and contact information of the organization distributing the material may be added where applicable to the "Your Jury Rights: True or False?" brochure or the "A Primer for Prospective Jurors" brochure. Any other exceptions must be approved the by FIJA National office.

No permission is granted to modify these documents, publish unattributed excerpts, or to print, publish, or distribute any other material containing the FIJA imprint. For all other material of any nature, you must have been granted permission BEFORE publishing or distributing any such material either in hard copy or in electronic format. Please make your request to the Fully Informed Jury Association at or by postal mail to FIJA; P.O. Box 5570; Helena, MT 59864.

Please review the FIJA document(s) on distributing FIJA literature prior to engaging in outreach and/or educational efforts using FIJA materials. FIJA is not responsible for any actions of anyone distributing or using FIJA literature.

When you click the link for the file you want, a download box should appear. If you want a link directly to the file to post on another website or in an email, right click the link and choose 'Copy Link'.

  Jury Nullification in Conscience Cases, William M. Kunstler
» 886.4 KiB - 2,234 hits - February 8, 2011
Essay by William. M. Kunstler that appeared in the Virginia Journal of International Law.

  The Importance of the Skeptical Jury, Clay S. Conrad
» 5.2 KiB - 1,679 hits - April 10, 2009
On June 4, 2003, Edward Rosenthal was sentenced to one day in prison for growing marijuana. Rosenthal is clearly guilty. If the law is to...

  FIJA and the Second Amendment, Don Doig
» 7.7 KiB - 1,633 hits - April 10, 2009
We frequently hear the proposition that in the line of defense of our liberties, first is the ballot box, then the soap box, then the jury box, and finally, failing all else, the cartridge box...

  Increase in Jury Nullification Verdicts Seen, Don Doig
» 6.3 KiB - 2,040 hits - April 10, 2009
It's nice to know that years of effort by thousands of FIJA activists, involving thousands of news articles, media interviews, letters to the editor, scholarly articles and the distribution...

  St. Patrick's Four Found Not Guilty of Conspiracy Charge
» 2.1 KiB - 1,484 hits - April 10, 2009

  Empowering the Jury as the Fourth Branch of Government, Justice William Goodloe
» 74.5 KiB - 2,911 hits - April 10, 2009

  Letter to the New Hampshire Telegraph Editor, Iloilo Jones
» 3.4 KiB - 1,506 hits - April 10, 2009
Sir: It is impossible for juries to render just and informed verdicts if the full knowledge of their powers of discretion are hidden from them. Jurors have both a duty and a responsibility...

  Many Things Were Missing from the Rosenthal Trial, Iloilo Jones
» 6.0 KiB - 1,223 hits - April 10, 2009
More than facts were missing from the Federal Courtroom where Ed Rosenthal was tried and convicted last month. An informed jury was missing, and had been carefully excluded during the process of jury...

  The Power of One Juror to Protect Your Rights, Robert Thornton
» 32.0 KiB - 946 hits - April 10, 2009
A timely article about changes in the law which allow convictions with less than unanimous jury verdicts.

  Trial By Jury
» 507.6 KiB - 1,034 hits - April 10, 2009

  Forgotten Sentinel, Harvey Wysong
» 102.0 KiB - 1,635 hits - April 10, 2009